Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, and can affect any joint in the body. Pain from arthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down with time.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS?
Cartilage cushions the end of the bones, allowing the joint to move smoothly. As the cartilage cushion wears down and cartilage becomes rough, and can cause joint pain, stiffness and swelling.
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
In addition to examining the joint, x-rays often will show narrowing of the joint and bone spurs that can confirm the diagnosis of arthritis.
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS TREATED?
Arthritis is a progressive disease, meaning it will get worse over time. Maintaining a healthy body weight, avoiding overuse or repetitive activities, and strength training around the joint can help manage pain. It is important to stay as active as possible, and keep the muscles from getting weak. Braces, medications and injections can also help control pain.
In severe arthritis, joint replacement surgery to remove the damaged joint and replace it with an artificial joint may be needed.
Regenerative medicine is a potential alternative to joint replacement surgery, including viscous supplementation or hyaluronic acid injections.
Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring compound in the joint, and may help protect the cartilage and help control pain.